The Seven Years War

Seven Years’ War
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France was able to maintain control of the Ohio Country as well as the strategically important Great Lakes. After their initial successes in North America, however, France began to starve the theatre of forces and supplies, preferring to concentrate on the war in Europe rather than risk large numbers of troops on expeditions across the British-dominated Atlantic Ocean.

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The Seven Years' War was a global war fought between and It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents. Seven Years’ War, (–63), the last major conflict before the French Revolution to involve all the great powers of Europe. Generally, France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia were aligned on one side against Prussia, Hanover, and Great Britain on the other. With that in mind.

This contrasted sharply with the British, who put great emphasis on the war for control of North America. In the British launched several major offensives, capturing Louisbourg , Fort Duquesne , and Fort Frontenac , although they were stopped at Fort Carillon.

Seven Years’ War

The French commander in Quebec, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm , had orders to try to hold out until the winter spell, with the promise that major reinforcements would arrive from Europe the following year. Montcalm almost achieved this, delaying British attempts to capture Quebec until the autumn, when the British finally won the Battle of Quebec and captured the city. In spite of this, a large force of French escaped westwards, intent on resuming the campaign the following year. In the French launched a surprise effort to re-capture Quebec, which succeeded in blunting one British advance on Montreal.

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Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Other possessions changed hands, and Hanover was secured for the British. Great Britain, Prussia, Portugal, with allies. France and Austria the Bourbon and Habsburg dynasties have been Europe's chief rivals for nearly two centuries. The terms of the agreement stated that Spain would declare war on Great Britain if the war did not end before May 1, By dawn the British army is on the plateau.

Other British armies advanced on Montreal from the south and west, completing the Conquest of Canada. A final attempt to capture Newfoundland from the British failed in late The French position in India had been severely weakened following the Second Carnatic War , which had ended in with the Treaty of Pondicherry. The French war in India started badly, with the loss of the Chandalore which saw the last French trading post in Bengal destroyed.

However, an attempt to seize Madras failed, while Lally's force was unable to prevent the eventual British capture of Pondicherry and a comprehensive British victory in India. In the wake of Britain's domination of India, they were able to launch an expedition from Madras to the Philippines which captured Manila from France's ally Spain - further weakening the Bourbon position in Asia.

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The loss of these valuable colonies further weakened France's finances. In a force was prepared to retake the Senegal territories, but had to be abandoned. The French began negotiations in Paris in late Because of a change in the British government, they were offered more lenient terms than might otherwise have been expected.

While they lost Canada to the British, Martinique and Guadeloupe were returned to them in exchange for Menorca.

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The French defeat had a devastating impact on French political life, and a number of senior figures were forced out of public office. Realizing the deficiency in the French navy, Louis XV began a massive rebuilding programme to match British naval strength.

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Choiseul drew up a long-term plan to gain victory over the British which was partially put into action during the American War of Independence after France joined the conflict in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: French and Indian War. Main article: Third Carnatic War. Further information: Capture of Senegal. Main article: Treaty of Paris Bihar and Orissa District Gazetteers Patna.

Concept Publishing Company. Retrieved 30 March Namespaces Article Talk.

Feb 10, 1763 CE: Seven Years’ War Ends

Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. August saw the Battle of Minden 1 August , where a combined British and Hanoverian force defeated a new French attack, and the naval Battle of Lagos August , off Portugal , where a French fleet intended for an invasion of England was defeated. September saw the capture of Quebec from the French, and 20 November the naval battle of Quiberon Bay Brittany , the defeat of a French fleet intended for an invasion of Scotland.

British success continued in , with victory over the French in India at the Battle of Wandiwash Madras, 22 January , which ended French hopes of a victory in India. He defeated the Austrians at Torgau 3 November , although losses were heavy on both sides.

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At this point, the nature of the war was changed by the death of two monarchs. Petersburg, 5 May The war now turned decisively towards Britain and Prussia. The Seven Years War saw Britain established as the greatest colonial power, with control over India and North America seemingly secured, while Prussia emerged as the greatest power on the Continent, and the dominant force inside Germany, reducing still further the power of the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg Austria.

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