Are you Overweight or are Obese

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People become overweight or obese from eating more calories than they burn up. Some things that may lead to this imbalance include:. Experts agree that even a modest weight loss can help prevent or control many health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. The closer you are to a normal weight, the greater the health benefit.

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Speak to your doctor about a weight loss program that is right for you. New research shows that a weight loss program should include three components to be successful — diet, exercise, and behavior modification.

Normal weight ranges: Body mass index (BMI)

Your program may include:. If you would like more information, please contact us. All rights reserved. This material does not constitute medical advice. It is intended for informational purposes only.

I lost 13 stone – now I know the truth about obesity

Please consult a physician for specific treatment recommendations. The information shared on our websites is information developed solely from internal experts on the subject matter, including medical advisory boards, who have developed guidelines for our patient content.

No one associated with the National Kidney Foundation will answer medical questions via e-mail. Skip to main content. What is the difference between being overweight and being obese?

Obesity and Overweight: What You Should Know | National Kidney Foundation

How do I know if I'm overweight or obese? How is BMI calculated? In adults: BMI is calculated from your height and weight. To find your BMI, multiply your weight in pounds by Then, divide the result by your height in inches and divide that result by your height in inches a second time. A BMI between 25 and It does not directly measure body fat. As a result, some people with muscular builds, such as athletes, may have a BMI that identifies them as being overweight even though they do not have excess body fat.

In children and teens: To find your child or teen's BMI, ask your healthcare provider. BMI for children and teens is calculated differently than it is for adults. This is because children are still growing, and boys and girls mature at different rates. The child or teenager's height and weight is compared against growth charts that take age and sex into account. The result shows how a child or teenager's BMI-for-age percentile compares with other boys and girls of the same age.

The 85th to less than 95th percentile is considered overweight The 95th percentile or greater is considered obese Does it matter where the excess weight is located? What kinds of health problems can develop from being overweight or obese?

Being Overweight vs. Being Obese - Obesity

Being overweight or obese can cause serious health problems, including: Diabetes High blood pressure Heart disease High cholesterol Stroke Certain types of cancer Gallbladder disease Arthritis Breathing problems Kidney disease and kidney failure Can being overweight or obese increase my risk for kidney disease? What causes overweight and obesity? Children whose parents eat high-calorie foods and are inactive tend to learn these same habits. Genes also play a role. They affect how much fat we store, and where it is stored.

Oversized or "supersized" food portions Negative emotions like boredom, sadness, or anger, which may influence eating habits. So it is not just how much we eat, but what we eat. The role of diet in the U. Consumers are sent wildly mixed messages when it comes to what to eat and how much.

How to Prevent Obesity

One one hand, larger portions, processed packaged food, and drive-thru meals are branded as almost classically American — fast, cheap, filling and delicious. It's no wonder we're looking for fast food and fast weight loss options, we spend more time at work and less time in our homes and kitchens than our parents did.

Sometimes you only have time to pack a leftover pizza slice and a slim-fast for lunch, irony be damned. This schizophrenic relationship with food is easy to explain in terms of marketing schemes.

Calculate Your Body Mass Index

If you have questions about your BMI, talk with your health care provider. See the BMI does not measure body fat directly, but research has shown that BMI is. Obesity means having far too much body fat. For adults, experts usually define obesity based on body mass index, or BMI. To find your body mass index, plug your height and weight into a BMI calculator.

As decades of soda and tv dinners caught up with our waistlines, the U. Since the s, popular nutrition wisdom and fad diets have flamed in and out just as quickly as the Arch Deluxe or the McRib.

In the s, our big enemy was fat. Low-fat and fat-free products flew off supermarket shelves. It took us decades to learn that when something is fat-free and full-flavored, it's probably too good to be true. As it turns out, most food companies were just swapping hydrogenated oils and sugar in for the animal fats they removed from low-fat products.

Hydrogenated oils are restructured vegetable oils that carry high levels of trans-fats , an amazingly evil type of fat that can raise your bad cholesterol, lower your good cholesterol and increase your risks of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes. While somewhat less sinister, added sugar can also wreak major damage on a diet. Technically low in calories, high-quantities of sugar disrupts our metabolisms, causing surges in insulin and energy levels and ultimately contributing to weight gain and diabetes.

Lack of exercise is also a major culprit in the obesity epidemic. It's been decades since most Americans worked in fields and on factory floors, a far greater majority of us are sitting throughout our workday. This means less exercise each day. Other research suggests Americans burn to fewer calories a day than they did 50 years ago.

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